还在用Log4j?快用Log4j2,性能太猛了!

环境

jdk:1.7.0_79

cpu:i5-4570@3.20GHz 4核

eclipse:3.7

操作系统:win7

准备

1.log4j:1.7.21

<dependency>
        <groupId>org.slf4j</groupId>
    <artifactId>slf4j-log4j12</artifactId>
    <version>1.7.21</version>
</dependency>
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log4j.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE log4j:configuration SYSTEM "log4j.dtd">
<log4j:configuration xmlns:log4j='http://jakarta.apache.org/log4j/'>

    <appender name="myConsole" class="org.apache.log4j.ConsoleAppender">
        <layout class="org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout">
            <param name="ConversionPattern" value="[%d{dd HH:mm:ss,SSS\} %-5p] [%t] %c{2\} - %m%n" />
        </layout>

        <!--过滤器设置输出的级别 -->
        <filter class="org.apache.log4j.varia.LevelRangeFilter">
            <param name="levelMin" value="debug" />
            <param name="levelMax" value="warn" />
            <param name="AcceptOnMatch" value="true" />
        </filter>
    </appender>

    <appender name="myFile" class="org.apache.log4j.DailyRollingFileAppender">
        <param name="File" value="log4jTest.log" />
        <param name="Append" value="true" />
        <param name="DatePattern" value="'.'yyyy-MM-dd'.log'" />
        <layout class="org.apache.log4j.PatternLayout">
            <param name="ConversionPattern" value="[%t] - %m%n" />
        </layout>
    </appender>

    <appender name="async_file" class="org.apache.log4j.AsyncAppender">
        <param name="BufferSize" value="32" />
        <appender-ref ref="myFile" />
    </appender>

    <logger name="org.logTest" additivity="false">
        <level value="info" />
        <appender-ref ref="async_file" /> <!-- 同步:FILE 异步:async_file -->
    </logger>

</log4j:configuration>
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2.logback:1.1.7

<dependency>
    <groupId>ch.qos.logback</groupId>
    <artifactId>logback-classic</artifactId>
    <version>1.1.7</version>
</dependency>
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logback.xml

<configuration>
    <appender name="STDOUT" class="ch.qos.logback.core.ConsoleAppender">
        <!-- encoder 默认配置为PatternLayoutEncoder -->
        <encoder>
            <pattern>%d{HH:mm:ss.SSS} [%thread] %-5level %logger{36} - %msg%n
            </pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>

    <appender name="FILE" class="ch.qos.logback.core.FileAppender">
        <file>testFile.log</file>
        <append>true</append>
        <encoder>
            <pattern>[%t] - %m%n
            </pattern>
        </encoder>
    </appender>

    <!-- 异步输出 -->
    <appender name="ASYNC" class="ch.qos.logback.classic.AsyncAppender">
        <discardingThreshold>0</discardingThreshold>
        <appender-ref ref="FILE" />
    </appender>

    <logger name="org.logTest" level="INFO"
        additivity="false">
        <appender-ref ref="ASYNC" />  <!-- 同步:FILE 异步:ASYNC-->
    </logger>

    <root level="ERROR">
        <appender-ref ref="STDOUT" />
    </root>
</configuration>
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3.log4j2:2.6.2

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.logging.log4j</groupId>
    <artifactId>log4j-core</artifactId>
    <version>2.6.2</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.logging.log4j</groupId>
    <artifactId>log4j-slf4j-impl</artifactId>
    <version>2.6.2</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.lmax</groupId>
    <artifactId>disruptor</artifactId>
    <version>3.3.4</version>
</dependency>
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log4j2.xml

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!--设置log4j2的自身log级别为warn -->
<configuration status="warn">

    <appenders>
         <console name="Console" target="SYSTEM_OUT">
            <PatternLayout pattern="[%d{HH:mm:ss:SSS}] [%p] - %l - %m%n" />
        </console>

        <RollingFile name="RollingFileInfo" fileName="info.log"
            filePattern="${sys:user.home}/logs/hpaasvc/$${date:yyyy-MM}/info-%d{yyyy-MM-dd}-%i.log">
            <Filters>
                <ThresholdFilter level="INFO" />
                <ThresholdFilter level="WARN" onMatch="DENY"
                    onMismatch="NEUTRAL" />
            </Filters>
            <PatternLayout pattern="[%t] - %m%n" />
            <Policies>
                <TimeBasedTriggeringPolicy />
                <SizeBasedTriggeringPolicy size="100 MB" />
            </Policies>
        </RollingFile>

        <RandomAccessFile name="RandomAccessFile" fileName="asyncWithLocation.log"
            immediateFlush="false" append="true">
            <PatternLayout>
                <Pattern>[%t] - %m%n</Pattern>
            </PatternLayout>
        </RandomAccessFile>

    </appenders>

    <loggers>
        <!-- <AsyncLogger name="asynLogger" level="trace"
            includeLocation="true">
            <AppenderRef ref="RandomAccessFile" />
        </AsyncLogger> -->
        <Root level="info" includeLocation="true">
            <AppenderRef ref="RollingFileInfo" />
        </Root>
    </loggers>

</configuration>
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测试

准备50条线程同时记录1000000条数据,然后统计时间,详细代码如下:

import java.util.concurrent.CountDownLatch;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;

public class App {
    private static Logger log = LoggerFactory.getLogger(App.class);

    public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {
        int messageSize = 1000000;
        int threadSize = 50;
        final int everySize = messageSize / threadSize;

        final CountDownLatch cdl = new CountDownLatch(threadSize);
        long startTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        for (int ts = 0; ts < threadSize; ts++) {
            new Thread(new Runnable() {

                @Override
                public void run() {
                    for (int es = 0; es < everySize; es++) {
                        log.info("======info");
                    }
                    cdl.countDown();
                }
            }).start();
        }

        cdl.await();
        long endTime = System.currentTimeMillis();
        System.out.println("log4j1:messageSize = " + messageSize
                + ",threadSize = " + threadSize + ",costTime = "
                + (endTime - startTime) + "ms");
    }
}
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log4j1和logback的同步和异步分别修改为对应的appender就行了

log4j2的异步方式提供了2中模式:

1.全局开启

设置Log4jContextSelector系统属性为:
org.apache.logging.log4j.core.async.AsyncLoggerContextSelector

System.setProperty("Log4jContextSelector", "org.apache.logging.log4j.core.async.AsyncLoggerContextSelector");
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2.混合同步异步模式

不需要设置Log4jContextSelector,但是需要使用AsyncLogger标签

更多详细参考官方文档:logging.apache.org/log4j/2.x/m…

结果
分别测试完以后统计成表格如下:

log4j2的异步模式表现了绝对的性能优势,优势主要得益于Disruptor框架的使用

LMAX Disruptor technology. Asynchronous Loggers internally use the Disruptor, a lock-free inter-thread communication library, instead of queues, resulting in higher throughput and lower latency.
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一个无锁的线程间通信库代替了原来的队列

更多Disruptor :

developer.51cto.com/art/201306/…

ifeve.com/disruptor/

来源:my.oschina.net/OutOfMemory…

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